Increased population, urbanization, industrialization, and agricultural activities in Pakistan have increased the gap between water demand and supply. Despite the growing water scarcity, farmers often continue to use inefficient conventional methods of irrigation. There is a great opportunity and need to share the knowledge and use of improved land and water conservation and management techniques with farmers, extension officers, and policymakers. IGATT is working to do just that.
Figure 2. Pakistani researchers learning sustainable water management techniques at Colorado State University.
For example, with Colorado State University, IGATT held two workshops in Islamabad, Pakistan in 2013. Topics taught included "Incorporating Agricultural Service Providers into Demonstration and Dissemination Activities" and "Incorporating Digital Video and Electronic Tools for Demonstration and Dissemination". With these initiatives, officials can share evidence-based best management practices and improved technologies for irrigation and watershed management with rural farmers throughout Pakistan.
Pakistan was also part of our Trilateral Working Group on "Watershed Rehabilitation and Irrigation technologies" along with Afghanistan. Here, we focused on on-farm water use efficiency, improved water conveyance, small water storage structures, and watershed rehabilitation through our regional partnerships.
IGATT supported the groups in Pakistan to demonstrate and disseminate best management practices for land and water conservation. We have hosted exchange visits between Pakistani agricultural researchers and U.S. research universities, such as through our On-Farm Water Management training and the Borlaug Fellowship Program at Colorado State University. We've also taken our knowledge directly to Pakistan through workshops and training held at Pakistani extension centers with USAID.
Figure 1. Agricultural workshops held in Pakistan.